In todays education landscape, the phrase data-driven instruction is very common. The pressure to use data analytics to drive student achievement can be felt from the legislative floor to the board room to the classroom and, ultimately, to the living room. Schools and teachers are being held accountable for proving student achievement in unprecedented ways. This course will explain the science of data in relation to education. The importance of designing assessment systems and knowing where and when to collect useful data are explained. Learners will evaluate classroom assessments and learn to develop rigorous assessment items. Finally, standards based grading systems are explored as a means to accurately reporting student mastery of content standards.